Teacher resources and professional development across the curriculum

Teacher professional development and classroom resources across the curriculum

Session 3, Part A:
Doing and Undoing (15 minutes)

There are many situations, both in and outside of mathematics, where the process of doing and undoing helps you organize your activities and figure out how to reverse what you've done. In mathematics, it is often important to know how to undo an operation. Here are some examples from everyday life and mathematics:
Note 2

 • School buses pick up children every morning and then drop them off in the same spots every afternoon. Routes are usually organized by a "first on, last off" routine. • You put on socks and then shoes every morning, and you take off shoes and then socks every night. • If you added 3 to a number and got 724, you can get your original number back by subtracting 3.

Sometimes you do things that can't be undone:

 • If the cover comes off the hot pepper shaker while you're sprinkling it on the pizza, there's not much you can do to undo the process. • If you mix blue laundry detergent and water, you'd have a hard time separating them back into their original components. • If you subtracted 10 from a number, then multiplied the result by itself, you wouldn't be able to find, with certainty, the original number just from undoing the steps.

Problem A1

How can you tell that you wouldn't be able to definitively find the original number in the numerical rule given above, in which 10 is subtracted from a number and then that number is multiplied by itself?

 See if you can find two different inputs whose outputs are the same. How would that make it impossible to find the original number?   Close Tip See if you can find two different inputs whose outputs are the same. How would that make it impossible to find the original number?

 Problem A2 Give some examples from teaching, mathematics, or anywhere else where doing and undoing comes into play.

 Problem A3 Give an example of something you wish you could undo, but the undoing is impossible.

 Session 3: Index | Notes | Solutions | Video